Thursday, January 20, 2011

How president of India elected

The process of election of president of India is complicated and today I will explain it in very easy language and by examples.
The voters of the election are:-
1.       MPs of Lok Sabha
2.       MPs of Rajya Sabha
3.       MLAs of vidhan sabha
The Value of vote of MPs and each MLA is different.
~  Finding Value of vote of MLAs
The value of vote of MLA depends state by state or we can say MLA of each state has different value of his vote.
Divide the total population of the state by Total seat in Vidhansabha of that state and again divide it by 1000 and the result will be the value of vote of MLA.
In Rajasthan Suppose total population is 5,64,73,122 and Number of MLA are 200.
5,64,73,122/200 = 282365.61
Again divide it by 1000
282365.61/1000 = 282.365
The value will be 282.

~ Finding Value of vote of MPs
Note:- The value of vote of MPs of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are same.
Now to find the value of vote of MPs
-          Multiply the value of vote of MLAs in a state with number of MLA in that state(do it for each state)
In rajasthan it will be 282 * 200 =  56400
-          Add them
-          Divide it by total number of MPs (Lok Sabha + Rajya Sabha)
This will be the value of vote of MPs
The Voter will give the preference to each candidate.
It will look like :-
1.       Bhairo singh shekhawat
2.       Pratibha Patil
3.       Ram Lal
4.       Mohan singh
~ Now I will explain how counting is done …..
To win the election a candidate must get (total number of valid votes divided by 2) +1
Suppose candidate get first prefernce votes like:-
1.       Bhairo singh shekhawat---- 5,250
2.        Pratibha Patil  --- ----------------4,800
3.        Ram Lal---------------------------- 2,700
4.         Mohan singh-------  ------------2,250
Total Number of Valid votes = 5250 + 4800 + 2700 + 2250 = 15000
15000/2 = 7500
7500+1= 7501
So a candidate need 7501 votes to win the election, as you can see no one has got that
Now Last candidate will be out of the race and his votes will be distributed between remaining three on the basis of second preference.
Now Mohan singh is out of the race his first preference votes are 2250 now suppose in these 2250 ballot papers the second preference is recorded as :-
 Bhairo singh shekhawat - 300
Pratibha Patil  - 1050
Ram Lal – 900
These will be transferred and added to the first preferences in favour of 1, 2 and 3 as follows
A . Bhairo singh shekhawat.. 5,250 + 300 = 5,550
B Pratibha Patil.. 4,800 + 1050 = 5,850
C . Ram Lal-. 2,700 + 900 = 3,600

Now in the second count, therefore, C having obtained the last number of votes is eliminated and 3,600 votes secured by him are once again transferred to A and B in the order of third preferences recorded thereon.
Suppose the third preferences on the 3,600 ballot papers recorded in favour of A and B are 1700 and 1900 respectively the result of this second transfer would then be as under:

A Bhairo singh shekhawat. 5,550 + 1,700 = 7,250
B Pratibha Patil   5,850 + 1,900 = 7,750

Now Pratibha patil have votes more than 7501 so she wins.

As you can see in first preference Bhairo singh shekhawat was ahead but at last Pratibha patil wins.

Note :- The statistics used in this post is imaginary and its aim is to make people understand the process easily.

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  1. wow!! beautifully explained..
    i visited no. of sites but couldn't understand n finally my search ends here..
    good job..

  2. its simple and easy to understand. thanx

  3. thanxxx.sir you explained the process in very very simple language
    thanx for it

  4. thanks a ton dude!
    you've been grt help!

  5. Thanks. but You have mentioned 'Add Them'. Adding what? you should have illustrated for value of M.P. votes like the one you did for value of M.L.A. vote.... Further, do you have any idea as to why this cumbersom arthmatics?...D.C.Sekhar.

  6. Good Explanation...
    Thanks ......

  7. Clearly and beautifully explained the process of Presidential Election of India. Thanks

  8. Thanks.....u have made it so easy..

  9. thank you for ur important and valuable sharing

  10. Thanks............good job keep it.

  11. Thanks............good job keep it.

  12. Thanks a lot, very detailed explanation

  13. sir, u have explained in detail. Thank u very much.

  14. This comment has been removed by the author.

  15. Really excellent way to explain a difficult topic in such an easy manner. I was looking for this kind of post for a long time. Thanks a lot and congratulations for a nice post.

  16. Keep the good work going!!!

  17. The process was intact & simplified, Really appreciate the way of expression in a such a lucid manner.

  18. First of all thanks for an attempt to explain the Presidential elections in India and congratulations as u succeeded in doing so.

    Please explain How one will get first preference votes for a candidate say 5250, 4800, 2700 & 2250 etc.

  19. Thanks all for your appreciation ..

  20. its beautiful calcution ,many people in india dnt understand this process,so give a easy way to understand,so many many thanks


  21. can u tell the process of electing american president in this ,easy to undestand way.

  22. really a great work.....thanxxx

  23. Perfect explanation.. Thanks you very much.

  24. Thanks everybody for appreciating my efforts..

  25. under which rule or process the lowest votes are trasfer to the higher vote obtainers to meet the quota in presidential election .

  26. Thank You for the Info which I got from your Blog by Google search

  27. Thanks all for your appreciation ..

  28. in punjabi .."22 siraa lata"... means did a tremendous work

  29. don't u have any fb page?
    if its there then msg me its link at

  30. Thanks for appreciation ..

    No, I dont have any FB page ..
    You can follow me on twitter. My handle is Tirchi_nazar

  31. This comment has been removed by the author.

  32. Everything is already mentioned in

  33. very very nice friend wish u very bright career. sunil

  34. very nice serve them as a legend

  35. really lucid explanation, in other words i can say that it is the easiest way to explain the election procedure of the persident of india. thanks buddy.
    Manoj kumar singh

  36. I m preparing for upsc.Your explanation about single transferable vote is superb .even in my coaching centre they didn't teach me about this clearly as u explained.thanks for this

  37. Exuberant would be a small word to reply.. I tried understanding the process of electing the president earlier but I couldn't... Finally bcoz of you, it got imprinted in my mind.. Tx a ton

  38. Thanks all for your appreciation. Really honoured ..

  39. Y such complications...I know there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of different states as well as parity between the states as a whole and the union...wat does this mean....ur exp lucid and saved my time !!

  40. still 3600 votes of c in second phase is shared between A & B as the third preference of 2700 voters giving 1st preference to C may be D.

    please do clear.....

  41. amazing it was..great effort.. :)


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